EYE & DISEASES

Everything important about your most important sense organ

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Anatomy of the human eye

The eye, the most important human sensory organ, is a "ball" of 2 cm in diameter. Along with the brain, it provides for visual perception.

 

Defective vision, e.g. near-sightedness, is common starting in early childhood and can negatively impact everyday living. With advancing age, more eye diseases such as cataract, etc. emerge.

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Function of the human eye

“Seeing" is the most complex of the six senses.

 

In order for the brain to be able to get a picture of the surroundings, the eye must convert light into nerve impulses, which are subsequently routed through the optic nerve.

 

Here, different parts of the eye have specific tasks. [...]

Defective vision

Defective vision is not an eye disease; it is rather a defective refractive power of the eye, e.g. with near- or far-sightedness.

 

The incidence of light rays is not represented on the retina as a point, resulting in a blurry image.

 

Defective vision is corrected successfully and also permanently with glasses, contact lenses and now, increasingly with refractive surgery

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Eye diseases

With advancing age, the probability of eye diseases continues to rise.

 

Between the age of 52 and 64, 50% of the population has some type of cataract; sometimes without noticing any impaired vision at all.

Between the age of 65 and 75, it is already way beyond 90%.

 

After the age of 75, half of those afflicted notice impaired vision or have already undergone surgery.

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